Hormones

December 29, 2011 by  
Filed under Database

Substances produced in one part of the body (often called a ‘gland’) which regulate the activity of an organ or group of cells in another part of the body.

The major hormones and their effects

Gland Hormone Controls
Anterior pituitary. Growth hormone. Growth and metabolism.
Thyroid-stimulating hormone. Thyroid gland.
Adrenocorticotrophic
hormone (ACTH)
Adrenal cortex.
Gonadotropic hormones (follicle-stimulating
hormone and luteinizing hormone)
Gonads (reproductive glands).
Posterior pituitary Oxytocin Milk ‘let-down’. Uterine motility.
Antidiuretic hormone Water excretion by the kidneys.
Adrenal
cortex
Cortisol Metabolism. Stress response.
Androgens Male characteristics. Sex drive in men and women.
Aldosterone Excretion of sodium and potassium by the kidneys.
Adrenal medulla Adrenaline (epinephrine) Metabolism. Stress response.
Noradrenaline (norepinephrine) Metabolism. Stress response.
Thyroid Thyroxine and
triiodothyronine
Energy, metabolism and growth.
Calcitonin Calcium balance in blood.
Parathyroid glands Parathyroid hormone Calcium and phosphate balance in blood.
Pancreas Insulin
Glucagon
Somatostatin
Metabolism. Blood sugar control.
Ovaries Oestrogen and progesterone. Reproductive system in women. Female characteristics.
Testes Testosterone Reproductive system in males. Male characteristics.
Pineal Melatonin Diurnal rhythms (sleep and waking).

Also see Endocrine system and individual hormones.

Linda Lazarides is Course Director of the School of Modern Naturopathy and author of eight books on health, nutrition and naturopathy.

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